Prisoners of war (pows): in international law, term used to designate incarcerated members of the armed forces of an enemy, or noncombatants who render them direct service and who have been captured during wartime1 this definition is a very loose interpretation of the meaning of prisoners of war (pows. Mass escapes occur when 5 or more prisoners escape from a prison or prisoner-of-war camp at the same time most mass escapes occur after many months of careful planning and preparation, but seldom achieve complete success as usually the detaining power maximises the effort to find and recapture the escapers. Immortalized in film and literature, the 15th century castle of colditz is remembered not for tales of medieval chivalry or withstanding withering sieges but for its darker past, when it was converted by the nazis into a prisoner-of-war camp called oflag iv-c.
Oflag iv-c , often referred to as colditz castle because of its location, was one of the most noted german army prisoner-of-war camps for captured enemy officers during world war ii oflag is a shortening of offizierslager, meaning officers camp. Colditz oflag iv-c 147mm x 50mm fridge magnet acrylic fridge magnet / freestanding desk sign after the outbreak of wwii the castle was converted into a high security prisoner of war camp for officers who had become security or escape risks or who were regarded as particularly dangerous. Oflag oflag is an abbreviation of offizier lagerthese camps were for officers only where a camp has a /z after it, such as stalag ivb/z, this stands for zweiglager and is a sub-branch of the main camp.
This article is a list of prisoner-of-war camps in germany (and in german occupied territory) during any conflict these are the camps that housed captured members of the enemy armed forces, crews of ships of the merchant marine and the crews of civil aircraft. Encyclopedia of jewish and israeli history, politics and culture, with biographies, statistics, articles and documents on topics from anti-semitism to zionism. Oflag iv-c: german army, prisoner-of-war camp, world war ii, colditz castle, colditz, saxony, invasion of poland, howard wardle, royal dutch east indies army, counter-intelligence by unknown author. Main article: attempts to escape oflag iv-c, oflag iv-c wiki as never seen before with video and photo galleries, discover something new today. Prisoners made numerous attempts to escape from oflag iv-c, one of the most famous german army prisoner-of-war camps for officers in world war ii between 30-36.
Captured by the germans, he was sent to oflag iv-c after the war, iranek-osmecki settled in london (may 1945), never to return to communist poland in december 1945, he joined the society of home army soldiers, and remained an active member of this organization. Oflag iv-c this was the name given to colditz castle during wwii, oflag being an abbreviation for offizierslager, which is german for officers camp the first prisoners arrived in november 1939 they were 40 polish officers who had been branded 'escape risks. Oflag iv-c topic oflag iv-c , often referred to as colditz castle because of its location, was one of the most noted german army prisoner-of-war camps for captured enemy officers during world war ii oflag is a shortening of offizierslager, meaning officers camp. Stalag 13 didn't just exist in the celluloid world of hogan's heroesthere really was a pow camp called stalag 13 (or stalag xiii c) on the outskirts of hammelburg, about 50 miles (80 km) east of frankfurt.
During world war ii, neave was the first british officer to successfully escape from the german prisoner-of-war camp oflag iv-c at colditz castle for his wartime service, in 1948 the united states conferred the bronze star medal upon him. An oflag - from the german word: offizierslager - was a prisoner of war camp for officers only in accordance with the requirements of the third geneva convention, officers held prisoner at oflags were not required to work. Oflag iv-c, often referred to as colditz castle because of its location, was one of the most noted german army prisoner-of-war camps for captured enemy officers during world war ii oflag is a shortening of offizierslager, meaning officers camp.
Airey middleton sheffield neave, dso, obe, mc (23 january 1916 - 30 march 1979) was a british soldier, barrister and politician during world war ii, neave was one of the few servicemen to escape from the german prisoner-of-war camp oflag iv-c at colditz castle. List of attempts to escape oflag iv-c for the full stories, see attempts to escape oflag iv-c below is a list of attempts to escape from oflag iv-c , the famous prisoner-of-war camp. Oflag iv-c or offizierslager from militairy district iv dresden, camp c, was a prison camp for allied officers situated inside castle colditz the first prisoners arrived in november 1939, 140 polish officers from the german september campaign who were thought to have a high escape risk. The following german camps and hospitals held american pows and civilian internees (as of dec 31, 1944)lazaretts (hospitals)lazarett iv a elsterhorst (hohnstein, czechoslovakia)lazarett iv g (leipzig, germany)lazarett v b (rottenmunster, germany)lazarett.
Colditz castle was used by the nazis as the pow camp oflag iv-c for allied servicemen outrageous schemes included manufacturing german uniforms, dropping out of windows 100ft high, and even.