A better definition of motivation is a 'concept used to describe the factors within an individual which arouse, maintain and channel behaviour toward a goal' (lisa bolton, 2005) work motivation theories can be divided into two categories termed process and content the process. Concept of motivation and various theories of motivation motivation is a process that starts with a physiological or psychological need that activates a behavior or a drive that is aimed at a goal. To study motivation you need to examine the two main theories: process and content theories content theory: attempts to explain specific things, which motivate people in different situations it is concerned with identifying people's needs and strengths.
Content theories content theories of motivation define it in terms of satisfaction of needs alderfer's erg theory: three key needs process theories. Content theories deal with - what motivates people and it is concerned with individual needs and goals process theories deal with the process of motivation and is concerned with - how motivation occurs. Theories of motivation jamie patrick hrg 530 november 11, 2014 theories of motivation motivation theories can be classified broadly into two different perspectives: content and process theories content theories explain the specific factors that motivate behavior. Motivation is a chain process which is initiated with the feeling of need, shortage or deprivation it is followed with desire and leads to tension and action toward an objective whose outcome is the behavior of.
The motivation theories have been classified broadly in to the two perspectives that are content theories of motivation and the process theories of motivation each of the theory attempts to define the concept of the motivation. Study flashcards on content and process theories of motivation at cramcom quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more cramcom makes it easy to get the grade you want content and process theories of motivation flashcards - cramcom. Process of applying the law of effect to control behaviour by manipulating its consequences (reinforcement theory of motivation) (thorndike) ob mod application of operant conditioning to influence human behavior at work. The process of motivation, involves choosing between alternative forms of actions in order to achieve some desired end or goal there, two significant, theories of motivation content and process content theories.
Motivation theories can be classified broadly into two different perspectives: content and process theories content theories explain the specific factors that motivate behavior (catherine, 1999) content theories deal with what motivates people and it is concerned with individual needs and goals. Needapracticalguideonhowtomotivateyouremployeesdownloadithere introduction. The work motivation theories can be broadly classified as content theories and process theories the content theories are concerned with identifying the needs that people have and how needs are prioritized. There are several process theories of motivation: the vroom expectancy theory, the adams' equity theory, the needs-goal-setting theory, and the reinforcement theory of motivation here our centre of attention is on helping you make a clear-cut distinction between process and content.
Content theories are something that is on the needs that motivate people on the other hand, process approach to motivation is on how and why people choose particular behavior in order to meet their personal goals. Content theory includes the work of david mcclelland, abraham maslow and other psychologists as they attempted to explain why human needs change, but not how they change [ citation needed ] content theories explain the specific factors that motivate behavior. Motivation theories-content, process & contemporary organisation consists of structure, process and human beings structure is the mechanical aspect of the organisation, while process involves the use of this structure by men to achieve organizational goals. The expectancy theory places an emphasis on the process and on the content of motivation as well, and it integrates needs, equity and reinforcement theories victor vroom's (1964) expectancy theory aims to explain how people choose from the available actions. Process theories of motivation while content theories focused on the needs that all individuals share, process theories focus on the cognitive differences between individuals.
Motivation theories can be classified broadly into two different perspectives: content and process theories content theories deal with what motivates people and it is concerned with individual needs and goals. There are several theories concerning motivational styles, all of which consider what factors help guarantee performance from your workers as a business owner, you may have to apply a mix of. The content and process theories of motivation provide human resource managers with the basic understanding of personal needs deficiencies, and how these needs can be transformed into motivated behavior. This gave birth to several content theories and process theories of motivation the content theories deal with what motivates people , whereas the process theories deal with, how motivation occurs.
Content theories focus on factors within the individual that lead to motivation the process theories focus on the dynamics of motivation & how the motivation process takes place. In general, process-based theories take the mental processes of employees into account as a way to understand their motivation equity theory equity theory is about perceived fairness.
Different cognitive theories of motivation are usually divided into two contrasting approaches1 : content theories and process theories content theories attempt to explain those specific things, which actually. Content-based theories content-based theories of motivation based on identification of the internal motives that make people act in a certain way these theories are related to the studies of human needs and mechanism of their influence on the process of motivation. Content theories of motivation are one of the types of motivation theory in the field of organizational behavioral studies, there are two different categories called content theories (also known as need theory) and process theories there is no universally accepted theory of motivation. Content theories of motivation mcgregor‟s theory x and theory y - theory x • assumes that workers have little ambition, dislike work, avoid responsibility, and require close supervision - theory y • assumes that workers can exercise self- direction, desire responsibility, and like to work.